What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences. There are many types of abilities
on the spectrum of autism and various outcomes accomplished with treatment.
Autism’s most-obvious signs tend to appear around age 2 or 3. In some cases, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Developmental delays may also be noted earlier than that. In other cases, it is diagnosed later in early preschool or elementary years. Early intervention can result in improved outcomes, therefore it is recommended that parents seek evaluation as early as possible.
This information is not meant to diagnose or treat and should not take the place of personal consultation, as appropriate, with a qualified healthcare professional.
More About ASD
- 1 in 68 children in the USA have autism, estimated by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This includes 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls
- An estimated 50,000 teens with autism become adults – and lose school-based autism services yearly
- Around 1/3 of people with autism have an intellectual disability
- Around 1/3 of people with autism remain nonverbal
- Certain medical and mental health issues frequently accompany autism including gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures, sleep disturbances, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and phobias
- The American Psychiatric Association merged four previously distinct diagnoses into one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 2013, which included autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental
disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome
- Teaching Language to Children with Autism or Other Developmental Disabilities by Mark Sundberg, Ph.D., BCBA-D and James Partington, Ph.D., BCBA-D
- The Power of Positive Parenting by Dr. Glenn Latham
- VB-MAPP The Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program by Mark Sundberg, Ph.D., BCBA-D
- Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills-R (ABBLS-R) by Mark Sundberg, Ph.D., BCBA-D and James Partington, Ph.D., BCBA-D